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The Fascinating Story of How Varanasi Got Its Name

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How Varanasi Got Its Name: Unraveling the Mystery Behind the Ancient City’s Origins

Shiva himself named the city after two rivers – the Varuna and the Assi. The Varuna and Assi rivers once flowed through the city, and their confluence was considered to be a sacred spot. The city was thus named “Varanasi,” which means “the land between the Varuna and the Assi.”

How Varanasi Got Its Name

Another popular legend attributes the city’s name to a mythological figure named Varuna, who is associated with the Varuna River. Varuna was said to have meditated at the confluence of the Varuna and the Assi rivers and is believed to have been instrumental in the city’s founding.


Historical Accounts of Varanasi’s Name

Apart from the legends, several historical accounts shed light on how Varanasi got its name. According to some scholars, the name “Varanasi” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Varanasi,” which means “the city of the virtuous.” This name is believed to have been given to the city due to its association with spirituality and religion.

How Varanasi Got Its Name

Another theory suggests that the city was named after the ancient kingdom of Varnasen, which is believed to have existed in the area. The kingdom was said to be ruled by a king named Varnasen, and the city was named after him.

Varanasi’s Name Through the Ages

Over the centuries, Varanasi’s name has undergone several changes. In ancient times, the city was known as Kashi, which means “the city of light.” This name was given to the city due to its association with knowledge, learning, and spirituality.

How Varanasi Got Its Name

During the Mauryan era, the city was known as Baranasi, which is believed to be a corruption of the Sanskrit word “Varanasi.” The name Baranasi was used by Buddhist and Jain scholars to refer to the city, and it gained popularity during this period.

During the Mughal era, the city was known as Benares, which is a corruption of the Sanskrit name “Varanasi.” The name Benares was used by the British during colonial times and is still used by some people today.

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The Significance of Varanasi’s Ghats

The ghats of Varanasi have played a significant role in the city’s cultural and spiritual heritage. They are used for a variety of activities, including bathing, cremation, religious ceremonies, and social gatherings. It is believed that taking a dip in the holy waters of the Ganges at these miraculous ghats can purify the soul and wash away their sins.

Each ghat has its own unique history and significance, and many of them are associated with mythological stories and religious beliefs. They are also popular tourist attractions and draw visitors from all over the world.

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In Conclusion, Varanasi’s name has a rich and fascinating history that is steeped in legend and myth. From Lord Shiva to ancient kingdoms and religious scholars, there are many stories and theories about how the city got its name. 

How Varanasi Got Its Name

While the exact origin of the name may be unclear, what is certain is that Varanasi’s name is closely linked to its rich cultural and spiritual heritage. The city has been a beacon of knowledge, learning, and spirituality for centuries, and its name is a testament to its enduring legacy.

Whether you call it Varanasi, Kashi, Baranasi, or Benares, the city remains a fascinating destination for travelers and pilgrims alike. Its narrow lanes, ancient temples, and bustling ghats offer a glimpse into India’s rich past and vibrant present. 

By visiting Varanasi and exploring its many wonders, you can experience the magic of this ancient city and discover the stories and legends that have shaped its name and its history.

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