Kathmandu is located in the central part of Nepal, at an altitude of 1,400 meters above sea level. The city is surrounded by hills and mountains, including the Shivapuri, Nagarjun, and Chandragiri hills. The Bagmati River flows through the city, dividing it into two halves. Kathmandu has a subtropical climate, with hot summers and mild winters.
Kathmandu has a rich history dating back to the 1st century AD. The city served as the capital of the Malla dynasty in the 12th century. Later, it became the capital of the Shah dynasty and remained so until the overthrow of the monarchy in 2008. The city has witnessed several wars, invasions, and earthquakes over the centuries, which have left their mark on its architecture and culture.
Kathmandu is home to several iconic landmarks that attract tourists from around the world. Some of the must-visit places include:
Also known as the Monkey Temple, Swayambhunath is a Buddhist stupa located on a hilltop in western Kathmandu. The stupa is surrounded by hundreds of monkeys, giving it a unique character. Visitors can climb the stairs to reach the stupa and enjoy panoramic views of the city.
Pashupatinath is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, located on the banks of the Bagmati River. The temple complex includes several smaller temples, shrines, and cremation ghats. The temple is considered one of the holiest places for Hindus and attracts thousands of pilgrims every year.
Durbar Square is a complex of palaces, temples, and courtyards in the center of Kathmandu. It was once the seat of the ancient Malla and Shah kings. The square is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and showcases exquisite Newari architecture.
Boudhanath is one of the largest Buddhist stupas in the world and an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists. The stupa is surrounded by monasteries and Tibetan Buddhist shops. Visitors can join the locals in the evening for the mesmerizing Boudhanath Stupa Kora (circumambulation).
Patan Durbar Square, located in the neighboring city of Lalitpur, is another UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is known for its ancient palaces, temples, and intricate woodwork. The square is a vibrant hub of art and culture.